Harriet Tubman Biography Essay

The Life and Achievements of Harriet Tubman Essay examples

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We know her as the “Moses” of her people; she left a remarkable history on the tracks of the Underground Railroad that will never be forgotten. Harriet Tubman born into slavery around 1820 in Dorchester County, Maryland, Harriet Tubman was a nurse, spy, social reformer and a feminist during a period of economic upheaval in the United States. For people to understand the life of Harriet Tubman, they should know about her background, her life as a slave, and as a free woman.

The first contribution of Harriet Tubman is that she served as a spy for the union army, because she wanted freedom for all the people who were forced into slavery not just the people she could help by herself. One day Tubman took one of the most…show more content…

The N.Y Tribune” says that Negro troops at Hilton head, S.C will soon start an expedition, under the command of Colonel Montgomery, differing in many respects from any heretofore projected. 3 (John Lewis)

The second contribution of Harriet Tubman is that she was a conductor in the Underground Railroad, a network of antislavery activists who helped slaves escape from the south. On her first trip in 1850, Tubman bought her sister and her sister’s two children out of slavery in Maryland. In 1851, she helped her brother out of slavery, and in 1857 she returned to Maryland to guide her old parents back to freedom. Overall Tubman made about nineteen trips to the south and guided about three hundred slaves to freedom. But during those travels Tubman faced great danger in order not to get caught she would use disguises and carries a sleeping powder to stop babies from crying and also always carried a pistol in case one of the people back out once the journey has begun( Strawberry 1).

Even though, Tubman discontinued making trips to the south and also discontinued working in the union army she was still helping guarantee rights for blacks. After returning to Auburn, New York she married Nelson Davis and lived in a home on South Street. After settling down there, Tubman helped Auburn to remain a center of support of women rights. She also built as wooden structure that served as her home for the aged and indigent. There she worked and was

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Harriet Tubman

Harriet Tubman is known for helping slaves escape to freedom through the Underground Railroad. She also volunteered to become a spy during the Civil War. Her efforts eventually helped the Union win the war. She was born in 1820 and in 1849 she escaped slavery. She would help others escape slavery a little at a time which included friends and family. The Underground Railroad was her secret network developed to help slaves become free. Because of this she is an important figure in women’s history and in African American history.

When Tubman was born her original name was Araminta Harriet Ross. Tubman came from a family that included enslaved parents. She had siblings that would soon be sold into slavery and to nearby plantations. She endured physical violence throughout her childhood and some led to permanent injuries. She later married a free black man little knew about. His name was John Tubman and when she married him she took his last name and chooses to have her first name as Harriet.

In 1849 she made her escape from slavery when her owner passed away. She helped others escape slavery and became an abolitionist for civil rights. During this time she fled to Philadelphia where she would develop a network known as the Underground Railroad. She used this to help her travel more than 90 miles into PA. She would later make a number of trips back and forth from Maryland to Pennsylvania to help her family and friends escape slavery. Around 1850 the Fugitive Slave Law was passed which made escaped slaves become eligible to be a slave again. The Underground Railroad was rerouted to Canada by Tubman since the country prohibits slavery. As Tubman continued to route escapees to the north, evidence suggests she may have met with Frederick Douglass, another abolitionist along with Job Brown.

She later worked with the union as a nurse and cook. She was an active force during the Civil War and guided more than 700 slaves to freedom. She acquired land in New York and lived her remaining years there until her health took a turn. She got married a second time before having health issues which were related to head injuries sustained from her childhood as a slave. A nursing home was named after her in Massachusetts. She lived here after undergoing brain surgery and passed away surrounded by family and friends in 1913. She was buried with military honors in home town of Auburn.


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