Terrorism And Its Effects Essay

The Man is a social animal. Since the beginning of the evolution, we started living in groups called the communities. When a group of people lives together there are high chances of clashes in their ideologies and the way they live and that gave birth to terrorism. Terrorism in India has become a major issue. To create awareness about the terrorism, schools, colleges and institutes across India organize many competitions like debates, speeches, essay writing, quizzes, also students are asked to write paragraphs in their board exams on a topic like Terrorism in India. So here we are to help you. We are giving the core information about the terrorism in India. You can use this information and modify it according to your needs. This information will also help you to prepare yourself for the Group Discussions(GD). Terrorism in India is also one of the prominent GD topics asked. So let’s start.

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Essay on Terrorism in India Speech, Article


Terrorism is one of the major problems faced by India and also the whole world. Along with terrorism, there are other major problems faced by India, such as Corruption, Black money, huge population, Illiteracy and many other. These problems are somehow correlated with each other.

Terrorism can be defined in simple words as the unlawful acts done by individuals or group of people, using systematical use of violence to intimidate a population or government to fulfil their political, religious, or ideological goals. Terrorism in India is increased rapidly after the independence and now has become one of the major problems faced by India. The existence of terrorism in India can be seen repeatedly in areas such as Jammu and Kashmir, east-central and south-central India (Naxalism). According to National Security Advisor M K Narayanan, there are as many as 800 terrorist cells operating in the country. According to media and experts, Pakistan is alleged for the terrorist activities in India by its Inter-Services Intelligence(ISI), but Pakistan Government denies it.

Causes/Reasons of Terrorism in India

There are following reasons/root causes behind the terrorist activities in India.

Religious Causes

Religion is one of the important aspects of terrorism in India. The maximum number of terrorist incidents and deaths of innocent civilians have occurred due to religious terrorism. The misconceptions about the religion and brainwashing by the terrorist groups make the terrorist kill people in the name of religion. The religious terrorism can be highly seen in Jammu Kashmir areas, where Muslims belonging to different organizations took to terrorism for conflicting objectives. Some have the agenda of merging India’s J&K state with Pakistan. In Punjab, some Sikh elements belonging to different organizations took to terrorism to demand the creation of an independent state called Khalistan for the Sikhs.

Economic Causes

The economic factors such as rural unemployment, the absence of land reforms, exploitation of poor labourers by landowners, etc have given rise to ideological terrorist groups such as the various Marxist/Maoist groups operating under different names. Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, and Bihar are highly affected by the terrorism caused by the economic problems.

Ethnic causes

Due to feelings of ethnic separateness, the terrorism caused by ethnic conflicts can be seen in Nagaland, Mizoram and Manipur states of India.

Social Causes

Social problems like lack of education, poverty, unemployment, lack of basic facilities like healthcare, transport etc resulting into the rage against the government are the social causes of terrorism in India.

So, these were the causes/reasons behind the terrorism in India. Now lets how the terrorism affects and impacts the society, economy and people etc. Following are the impacts and effects of terrorism in India.

Impacts/Effects of Terrorism in India

Terrorism definitely lives long-lasting effect on any country. Following are the impacts or effects of terrorism in India.

Human Injuries, deaths, and Trauma

The objective of the terrorists is to fulfil their goals by creating chaos and by killing people. They usually choose crowded places to attack so that they can hurt a maximum number of people. Terrorist attacks cause a huge number of deaths, injuries to victims and the post-traumatic stress happens in the victim’s mind by witnessing such a terror.

Loss of Infrastructure

Terrorists use explosives to destroy the places and that creates a huge damage to the buildings and infrastructure. Such kind of terrorist attacks leaves a severe impact on the economy.

 Economic Effects

Terrorist attacks affect the reputation of any country. It discourages the foreign investors from investing in the businesses in India. The budget spent on defence and security purposes also increase. The tourism industry is also affected by the terrorist attacks as the travellers feel unsafe in India.

Social and Political Instability

Terrorist attacks leave long-lasting effects on people as well as the government. The political stability is hampered because of the chaos caused by the terrorist attack. People’s minds are induced by the fear and unreliability of the government.

Terrorist Attacks in India

There are so many incidents of terrorism have happened in India. Some of the well-known and infamous terrorist attacks are 1993 Bombay bombings, 26/11 terrorist attack in Mumbai, 2016 Uri attack, Mumbai train bombings in 2006, attack on Red Fort in 2000 and much more. The list can be seen here.

Global Terrorism

Almost every country in the world has been affected by the terrorism. Iraq, Syria, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Nigeria are the countries which are the most affected by the terrorism. Terrorist organisation ISIS is the reason behind the rising terrorism in the middle east regions. ISIS/ISIL, AL-QAEDA, Taliban, Boko Haram, Lashkar-E-Toiba, Naxalites these are some of the major terrorist organisations in the world.

The Global Terrorism Index (GTI) is a report published annually which consists of a comprehensive summary of the key global trends and patterns in terrorism since 2000. According to the Global Terrorism Index, the global terrorism is losing its power. The number of deaths caused by the terrorist activities is decreasing from last two years. But the number of countries affected by the terrorism is increased.  

Types of Terrorism in India

The terrorism in India is divided into four groups, which are Ethno-nationalist terrorism, Religious terrorism, Left-wing terrorism, Narcoterrorism. Let’s see every group in detail.

Ethno-nationalist Terrorism: In this form of terrorism the focus is on emphasizing the views of one ethnic group against another and creating a separate State within India or in a neighbouring country.

Religious Terrorism: As the name suggests this kind of terrorism focuses on creating conflicts about religions. Mumbai 26/11 terror attack in 2008 from an Islamic group in Pakistan is an example of religious terrorism in India.

 Left-Wing Terrorism: Left-wing terrorism focuses on overthrowing the conservative or capitalist systems and replace them with communist or socialist societies. Maoist violence in Jharkhand and Chhattisgarh are examples of left-wing terrorism in India.

Narcoterrorism: This type of terrorism focuses on creating illegal narcotics traffic zones. Drug violence in northwest India is an example of narco-terrorism in India.

Cyber Terrorism: This type of terrorism takes place on the Internet. in This type of terrorism, government websites are hacked, confidential information is accessed and leaked, government databases are accessed and modified etc.


Terrorism is one of the major problems faced by India and the whole world. Terrorism threatens the law and world peace. It is a threat to the humanity. The terrorism and violence should be shunned. Taking appropriate actions and spreading awareness can help to reduce and stop the terrorism. Terrorism is the reason behind the death of thousands of people over the years, hence terrorism cannot be justified and it must not be tolerated.

Check out our other articles for various essays, speeches, and paragraphs. 

Tips for Speech on Terrorism in India

  1. Never mug up the speech script as it is. That sounds like a robot, your audience will not connect with it.
  2. Rather than reciting the complete script, note down only important bullet points and speak from your heart. When you speak from the heart you might fumble once or twice but it connects with your audience. We are humans after all we all make mistakes.
  3. If you are confident enough try to be interactive with your listeners. Ask them questions.
  4. If you are a parent don’t force kids to mug it up. Help them to understand the topics and it’s important. In real life, you just can’t survive with mugged up answers, isn’t it? Today’s generation is 10 times smarter than our generation they can easily understand the topic.
  5. If you are speaking in public for the first time then you better try a speech in front of parents, siblings or friends. Ask them feedback and revisit the script. Or else at least try speech in front of the mirror.

Tips for Essay on Terrorism in India

  1. You can write an essay in story format too, take an imaginary person and tell a story on given topic from his/her perspective.
  2. Essay generally have three main parts, Introduction, impact or more detailed info and then summary or conclusion. Don’t use headers in the essay. But you should divide the essay into these 3 logical sections.
  3. Try to maintain a flow between sections. Carry forward a point from the last paragraph and then take it forward
  4. It is important to have a conclusion or summary for an essay. You don’t need to be positive all the time for conclusion, it can be a mix of both emotions. Try to have an inspiring, positive, euphoric conclusion.

Tips for Paragraph Writing on Terrorism in India

  1. Generally, you will have 2 section in paragraph writing, it will be shorter than an essay.
  2. Paragraph are generally facts based rather than interactive or story based.
  3. You can have headings for paragraph if allowed.

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Effects Terrorism has on our Nation

Purpose: To inform readers of the effects the recent terrorist attacks have on society today.

Audience: General

Thesis: The terrorist attack on America has affected the economy, tourism and the foreign society tremendously.

The Effects Terrorism has on Society

From the lips of the FBI, "Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objective." On September 11, 2001 the United States of America experienced such actions, it was the largest terror attack experienced by any country. The affect this had on America was tremendous, thousands…show more content…

Employment domestically has experienced a ten percent drop in demand and employment globally has experienced a thirty percent drop in demand. Hotels have experienced a two billion dollar lost in room revenue and meeting room and convention industry has experienced a one billion dollar loss. As a whole the entire Travel and Tourism industry have experienced an enormous drop in revenues.
The foreign society suffered greatly, some foreigners were placed under strict investigation by the United States Government. International travel was placed at a halt. Many families were separated because many came to America and were not declared citizens of the United States. These people were considered aliens and they were forced to leave as they underwent heavy interrogation. Some foreigners experienced racial prejudices because they were of the same nationality of the suspects, who attack our nation. Also stricter airport security was implemented which caused additional close watch on foreigners. People did not travel internationally as much as much as they had done prior to September 11, 2001.
Finally the United Stated of America was affected drastically since the September 11, attacks. The Economy, Travel, Tourist industry, and foreign society are suffering greatly and they continue to be affected every day. The affect on The United States of America may never be known. The attack was very unfortunate

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