After the Roman withdrawal in AD 271, the population of Moldova was influenced by such cultures as the Byzantine Empire, the neighbouring Magyar and Slavic population, and later by the Ottoman Turks. A strong Western European influence in Moldovan literature and arts was prevalent in the 19th Century.
During the Soviet rule in Moldova, similarities with Romanian culture were hidden, exemplified in the Moldovan national costume, where the traditional Romanian moccasin was replaced by the Russian boot. A central part in traditional folk culture is played by the Mioritaor Mesterul Manole, an ancient folk ballad. In the rural areas of Moldova, the making of such folk crafts as weaving and ceramics continue to be practiced today. The traditions of folk culture are further promoted on a national level, presented by the Moldova’s Republic Dance Company (Joc) and the folk choir Doina.
The first Moldovan books were mid-17th-century religious texts. Distinguished artists in the development of Moldova include the scholar and prince Dimitrie Cantemir, the philologist and historian Bogdan Hasdeu, writer Ion Creanga and the poet Mihai Eminescu. There are many prominent writers today in Moldova, such as Pavel Botu, Nicolae Dabija and Ion Druta. In 1991, some 520 books were published in the country, of which 402 written in the Romanian language, 108 in Russian, 2 in Bulgarian and 8 in Gagauz.
Moldova boasted 12 professional theatres in the early 1990s. Most of the theatres today perform in the Romanian language. The Russian Drama Theatre A. Chekhov in Chisinau and the Russian Drama and Comedy Theatre in Tiraspol perform primarily in Russian, while the Licurici Republic Puppet Theatre in Chisinau performs both in Romanian and Russian. Music artists form a number of Real Art bands, such as the folk music orchestra Lautarii with director Nicolae Botgros and Ciocirlia led by Sergey Loonkevich. Ethnic minorities also make up folklore groups and amateur theatres throughout the country.
Moldovan music is also closely related to its neighbour, Romania, characterised by swift and complex rhythms, a trait shared with many Eastern European folk traditions. Hip Hop, Rock, Pop and other musical genres have their fans in Moldova as well. Among the internationally famous Pop stars include O’Zone, a Romanian and Moldovan band whose Dragostea din tei was a European hit in 2004. Vladimir Pgrebniuc is a well-known guitarist and song writer, while Natalia Barbu is popular in Germany, Ukraine and Romania. In the 1970s, the Flacai band was well known, whose hometown Cahul was turned into a significant music centre.
Moldovan folk culture flourished during the Soviet era, as it was strongly promoted by the government. However, many of the elements of its folk culture were altered to obscure the common history of Romania and Moldova. Today, the most significant element of Moldovan folk culture is the Miorita, an ancient ballad.
Full-time undergraduate students enrolled in a four-year college in the United States. Each scholarship carries a stipend of $1,500 per academic year. Recipients may re-apply each year for up to four years, provided they continue to meet the requirements of the award. Applications accepted January 15 - August 1.
Recognition program for exceptional full-time undergraduates at four-year institutions in the USA and its territories.
Individuals interested in artistic and technical production, arts administration and community engagement. Fellowship provides a modest stipend. Deadline: April 1.
Women of any nationality with a superior academic record and a bachelor's degree in science or engineering. Fellowships carry a stipend of $6,000; approximately 35 are awarded annually. Deadline: mid November.
Full-time study or research to women who are not U.S. citizens or permanent residents. Both graduate and postgraduate study at accredited institutions are supported. Deadline: December 1.
Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway or Sweden citizens for study or research programs (usually at the graduate level) in the United States for up to one year. Awards are made in all fields.
Citizens of ADB's developing member countries to pursue postgraduate studies in economics, management, science and technology, and other development-related fields at participating academic institutions in the Asian and Pacific Region. The ADB-JSP provides full scholarships for one to two years.
Individual fellowship grants to artists, scholars, students, and specialists from Asia for study, research, travel and creative work in the United States. Deadlines vary.
Female students enrolled in a behavioral, life, physical, or social science or engineering program leading to a Ph.D. degree. Graduate fellowships in the amount of $1,000 are awarded each year. Deadline: January
Short-term fellowship program supporting bibliographical inquiry as well as research in the history of the book trades and in publishing history. Deadline: December.
Year long paid internship for graduating seniors interested in careers in international affairs. Internship is at the Carnegie Endowment for World Peace in Washington, DC. Swarthmore Deadline: November 18
Full scholarship for nationals from Southern African countries South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho, Zimbabwe, Zambia, Malawi, Angola and Mozambique) who wish to pursue a postgraduate degree (normally a one year Master's degree) in either the United Kingdom or southern Africa. Application Deadlines: for the United Kingdom: March 15th each year; for Southern Africa, August 12th each year.
Three different scholarship schemes for postgraduate study in the United Kingdom. For students from selected countries. Eligible for all fields of study. Deadlines vary depending on country.
Designed to engage graduate science, engineering, medical, veterinary, business, and law students in the analysis that informs the creation of science and technology policy and to familiarize them with the interactions of science, technology, and government.
Undergraduate scholarships to study in the Federal Republic of Germany. Foreign nationals are eligible if they are attending a US institution for their undergraduate degree. Applications in all fields are accepted, with the exception of dentistry, medicine, pharmacy, and veterinary medicine.
Need-based grants (up to $6,000) to undergraduate or graduate students actively working for peace and justice on campus and/or in the community.
Funding to conduct public service projects anywhere in the world. For up to two years of support.
Twenty-two fellowships for doctoral-level programs in business administration, economics, public administration, and public policy. For citizens of Georgia, Russia or Ukraine.
Essay contest for full-time juniors or seniors. Prizes range from $500 - $5,000. Deadline: December.
$10,000 (Canadian) award for talented artists. No age limit. Not for those pursuing abstract or nonrepresentational art.
This scholarship recognizes excellence in Ph.D. or post-doctoral environmental research and education. Deadline: August 1.
Fellowships to first-, second-, and third-year undergraduate students from Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan. This program supports one year of non-degree undergraduate study in the United States in the fields of accounting, agriculture, American studies, business, computer science, criminal justice, economics, education, environmental management, hospitality management, international relations, journalism and mass communication, law, political science, psychology, and sociology. Deadline: November.
$1,200 grants in support of exploration and field research. Funds given primarily to graduate students.
The fellowships are competitive, merit-based award open to all language School applicants. This fellowship is available to U.S. citizens and international students and professionals. Students are encouraged to apply for regular Middlebury College financial aid (awarded on a demonstrated-need basis), through the office of financial aid at Middlebury College.
Fulbright Foreign Student Program
Educational exchanges that strengthen understanding and communication between the United States and over students from 140 countries. Students interested in applying for the Fulbright Student Program must apply through the Fulbright Program Office in their home country.
One to three years of study in any discipline at Cambridge University. Candidates apply directly through Cambridge. Deadline: mid to late October.
$3,000 award for 100 outstanding second year college students in any field of study.
For undergraduate and graduate students of Greek descent, between the ages of 17 and 25. Deadline: January
Internship opportunity for college graduates to serve 6 - 9 months with a participating organization of their choice in Washington DC. Deadlines vary.
Horizons supports outstanding university students in their pursuit to become tomorrow's leaders in technology. The program provides immersive software engineering and web/mobile development courses geared towards high-achieving college students. The Fellowship covers accommodation and tuition. Applications are accepted on a rolling basis.
For undergraduate and graduate students interested in the classical liberal/libertarian tradition of individual rights and market economies. More than 100 fellowships up to $12,000 are awarded annually. Deadline: late December.
Up to 50 fellowships to support social scientists and humanists conducting dissertation field research in all areas and regions of the world.
Various scholarships for students in the fields of automation and control. Deadline: February.
Annual $1,000 scholarship to one or more undergraduate or graduate students working in public service. Deadline: March.
Nationals of IMF Asian member countries interested in studying for their doctorates in economics in order to work in an international financial institution (such as the IMF or the World Bank) or in their home administrations. Deadline: December 31.
15 Scholarships for juniors, seniors and graduate level students majoring in Broadcast Communications. Deadline:March
Joint Japan/World Bank Graduate Scholarship Regular Program
For individuals from World Bank member countries to undertake graduate studies at any university located in a World Bank member country except their own. Suggested fields of study: economics, public administration, finance, planning, health, population, agriculture, infrastructure, information systems and aquatic resources (provided that the focus of study is on public policy aspects of these fields), environment and natural resource management, education, and other development-related subjects. Deadline: March 31.
$16,000 scholarship to support either the final year of study for juniors or for PhD candidates with ABD status. Deadline: late January.
Annual fellowship for advanced study of Fine Arts in the U.S. or abroad, to enhance professional standing or to finance a special project. Preference for candidates under 25 years. There are three fellowships of $7,500 each in art, architecture or music; an additional music fellowship for $15,000; and up to three alternate awards of up to $1,000 each. Deadline: early December.
Funding opportunity for Muslim students in Medicine, Engineering, and sciences (Physics, Chemistry, and Geology) to study at an accredited European or North American university.
Four types of scholarships for undergraduate students interested in computer science and related technical disciplines. One year award for students attending institutions in the United States, Canada, and Mexico. All recipients of a scholarship will be required to complete a salaried summer internship of 12 weeks or more at Microsoft Corporation in Redmond, Washington. Deadline: mid January.
Up to 14 scholarships offered for disadvantaged South African students to pursue post graduate study in the United Kingdom. Deadline: mid November.
Biennial award to outstanding college students around the world through a competitive essay contest on the meaning and significance of economic and personal liberty. Awards range from $1,000 - $2,500. Deadline: May
For graduate study or research in any field except medical sciences or introductory language study. Deadlines vary.
Supports doctoral dissertations that explore the sources and nature of international conflict, and strategies to prevent or end conflict and to sustain peace. Citizens of all countries are eligible, but must be enrolled in an accredited college or university in the United States. Deadline: January.
One to three years of study at Oxford University for citizens of Australia, Bangladesh, Bermuda, Canada, Commonwealth Caribbean and Jamaica, Germany, Hong Kong, India Kenya, Malaysia, New Zealand, Pakistan, Singapore, South Africa, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe. Open to all fields. Deadlines vary.
Approximately 20 ($2,000-$3,000) awards are offered to students in the U.S. in need of financial aid to further their education at the undergraduate or graduate level. Deadline: early February.
Funding to support two-year master's-level degree program at one of the Rotary Centers for International Studies. Seventy scholarships are offered worldwide. Deadlines vary by Rotary district.
One year study abroad opportunity in any discipline in over 160 countries worldwide. Deadlines vary by district.
Annual stipend of $10,000 for a graduating college senior to pursue public service anywhere in the world. Deadline: mid February.
Various awards for women pursuing baccalaureate or graduate degrees in engineering or computer science, as well as engineering and computer science students enrolled in ABET-accredited engineering programs. Deadlines vary.
Two special degree study programs for citizens of South Pacific nations and East Timor. Scholarships are awarded for undergraduate degree study. Priority is given to applicants seeking degrees that address national development needs.
Unless noted otherwise, all Smithsonian fellowships (graduate, pre-doctoral, post-doctoral, senior) opportunities are open to non-US citizens. Deadlines vary.
Candidates for the doctoral degree at a graduate school within the United States are eligible. Deadline: November 1.
Awards and cash grants offered for student films. Deadline: April.
Merit based awards for study at the undergraduate, graduate, and professional levels both in the U.S. and abroad. Deadline: March.
Young researchers with advanced degrees (M.A., M.Sc. or equivalent) from developing countries majoring in one of four areas: environment, intercultural dialogue, information and communication technologies, and peaceful conflict resolution.
Support undergraduate and graduate students with an interest in cooperative security, conflict resolution, and disarmament. Fellows design their own projects, usually involving public education, media outreach, grassroots organizing, or another active approach to issues of cooperative security, nuclear arms control, conventional arms transfers, demilitarization, democracy building, conflict resolution, and the like. Applicants are expected to work full-time with a non-profit organization. A $300/week stipend is provided for the duration of the project, which lasts from 2-4 months. Information and application materials, contact: firstname.lastname@example.org or write: Winston Foundation Fellowships, 2040 S Street NW, Suite 201 Washington, DC 20009-1157. Phone: 202-483-4215.
Undergraduate or graduate students pursuing degrees in the fine or commercial arts, design or architecture. Deadline: March.