Teamwork Theory Essays

Key Teamwork And Leadership Theories Essay

Teamwork is a vital aspect of the public and community services. These services consist of groups of people working together to achieve a mutual goal/aim. Teamwork is a key element for having a successful and efficient team. The way a team works together influences how successful they are and how efficient and effective they can be in achieving their common goals/aims. This essay will evaluate various teamwork theories, that explain the stages of forming a group and how it develops into a well established team. Examples of these theories include: Tuckman's theory of team development, Belbin's team roles, conflict theory, pluralism, trait theory and social learning theory. This essay will consider Tuckman's theory of team development, trait theory and social learning theory.
Teamwork is influenced to a great extent by a leader, leadership styles and how effective their leadership is. Northouse (2012) defines leadership as “a process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal.”. Leadership is a crucial element in teamwork; some argue a team essentially relies on motivation and guidance from their leader. Managers generally adopt a leadership style and implement it in their work and within their team. Examples of leadership styles are: authoritarian, democratic, laissez faire, transactional and transformational. This essay will discuss authoritarian and democratic leadership, considering the influence and impact they have on a team to evaluate different elements of teamwork and how conflict is managed and resolved within a team.
One of the most influential leadership styles is authoritarian. Authoritarian leaders emphasize their role when applying power and influence over team members. The leader makes all decisions without feedback or communication from the team members. This leadership style can be interpreted as unjust as the leader determines team roles, tasks and procedures, however it is very productive. This leadership style bases itself on McGregor’s Theory X, that regards team members to be careless and disliking work, assumes they attempt to avoid work as much as possible, and are in need of guidance from their leader.
There are two definite strengths of authoritarian leadership: efficiency and productiveness. These both impact the team positively, as team members will feel satisfied - having completed a task/accomplished a goal successfully. Generally, the more efficient and productive a team, the more likely they are to be successful. Authoritarian leaders are proficient at motivating others. This leadership style allows for fast decisions which can be a lengthy process in other leadership styles such as bureaucratic. This essentially allows the team to begin a project and complete it promptly. An example of where this leadership is most effective is in the Armed forces. There is a clear defined structure of ranks and roles within the regiment. There is one leader in charge (the general) who...

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Why are groups and teams seen as central tocontemporary organizations and what are some of the problems associated with a team-based approach to work?

Importance of Groups and Team has become a major focus in the businessworld. Organizations have well realized that the evolution from individual toteam management approach is a priority in current time. The reality is thatmuch of the organizations work is accomplished directly or indirectly throughteams. Teams are used as means of growing effectiveness and efficiency inmany organizations. Group procedure and conflicts directly impact thechoice of team member selection and required results. Creating an effectiveteam is an art and a science. Any organization is constantly changing andevolving. "

Change is good and the ability of an organization to adapt and beflexible helps stimulate the organizations growth

" (Mukherjee andMukherjee, 2001). The use of teams to administer various undertakings andprojects are utilized increasingly by organizations with hopes that theperformance and creativity of these teams will take them to the next ladderto success in the business world. This explains the words of H.E. Luccock “

No one can whistle a symphony. It takes an orchestra to play it.

”‘

 A

work group

is a number of persons, usually reporting to a commonsuperior and having some face-to-face interactions, who have some degreeof interdependence in carrying out tasks for the purpose of achievingorganizational goals

.’ (Wendell L. French, Cecil H. Bell Jr., p. 155). A team onthe other hand has some distinctiveness higher to that of an ordinary group,including higher degree of symbiosis and interaction and highercommitments to achieve organization goals. Therefore, according to Jon Katzenbach and Douglas Smith, ‘

a

team

is asmall number of people with complementary skills who are committed to acommon purpose, set of performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable

.’

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